Word(s) of the Day

Nursing School Edition #7


Pathophysiology

Some terms from my Week 5 class in Patho:

Leukemia:

  is a malignant disease of the bone marrow that causes an increase in white blood cell production.

The term tumor as related to neoplasm means

new growth.

Neoplasms that are confined to a local area and do not spread are called:

benign.

Metastasis

  is the spread of the neoplasm to distant sites.

Next Up: Microbiology

Week 5 Micro:

What are the two major categories of cells?

a. Bacteria and viruses
b. Prokaryotes and eukaryotes
c. Pathogens and non-pathogens
d. Plants and animals

What are the primary functions of the innate immune response?

A. Produce antibodies in response to the pathogen
B. Create memory cells to prepare the body for future attacks
C. Attack the pathogen and alert the adaptive immune response
D. Signal T cells to produce cytokines in response to the pathogen

What type of transmission occurs when a pathogen is spread though sneezing or coughing?

A. Common vehicle
B. Indirect contact
C. Airborne
D. Direct contact

Inflammation:
is caused by the dilatation of blood vessels which allows the passage of fluid, antibodies, and WBCs into the infected body area.

Word(s) of the Day

Nursing School Edition #6


I just started my 3rd semester of nursing school and do you know what that means? More info about nursing school and the classes I’m in. It also means more “Word of the Day,” POP Quizzes and other beneficial educational and fun information. I hope you’re excited to learn new things or maybe just to refresh your memory. I know I am more than ready for this semester and couldn’t be more excited to bring you along. I would say, sit back and relax but instead: Let’s open our mind and learn!


Pathophysiology

1. Pathology is:

a. a disease

b. the bacteria that causes the disease

c. the study of disease

d. the complication of diseases

2. Etiology of a disease means the:

a. study of cause

b. predicted outcome of the disease or condition

c. cause is unknown

d. disease was caused by a hospital environment

3. A chronic disease usually has which of the following elements?

a. It is related to the respiratory system.

b. It happens suddenly but lasts only a short while.

c. It persists for a long period of time, often for the individual’s entire lifetime.

d. It has a sudden onset.

4. Diseases caused by an abnormality of an individual’s genetic makeup can be classified in which of the following categories?

a. Trauma

b. Hereditary

c. Nutritional imbalance

d. Inflammation

5. Adenomas, carcinomas, and sarcomas are examples of:

a. malnutrition

b. hyperplasia and neoplasms

c. trauma

d. impaired immunity

6. When a cell adapts to irritants or damage by changing to another type of cell, it is called:

a. hypertrophy

b. hyperplasia

c. metaplasia

d. Dysplasia


These were questions I picked out of study material that we learned in WEEK 1 for my Pathophysiology class. The correct answers are displayed in bold green text. If you have any questions please feel free to ask. Happy Studying!

Word of the Day, POP Quiz!

Nursing School Edition #5



What is a heart murmur? A heart murmur is is an abnormal noise between heartbeats. It can be a blowing, whooshing, or swishing sound. A heart murmur is when the blood makes an extra sound as it moves through.

The atrioventricular valve between the left atrium and the left ventricle is known as the ____ valve. Bicuspid / mitral valve

What is an angioplasty? An angioplasty is a surgical repair or unblocking of a blood vessel.

The ____ arteries supply muscles of the thorax. Intercostal

An average cardiac cycle takes ____ seconds. 0.8

Lymphatic ____ are spaces between groups of lymphatic tissue. Sinuses

Liver macrophages are called ____ cells. Kupffer

Hydrochloric acid is secreted into the stomach by ____ cells. Parietal

The taste of ____ detects monosodium glutamate. Umami

The collapsible, muscular tube that is situated behind the trachea is called the: Esophagus

During the ____ phase of the menstrual cycle, the zona pellucida develops around each egg. Menstrual

The anterior portions of the nasal cavities just inside the nostrils are known as the: Vestibules

Sickle-cell anemia is a hereditary disease in which leukocytes have an abnormal sickle shape due to abnormal hemoglobin. FALSE

Hyperparathyroidism results in the softening and deformation of the: BONES


A quote my Anatomy and Physiology Professor gave to my class:

“Just because you watch ‘Grey’s Anatomy’ doesn’t mean you can do the operation.”

Charles Barkley

Word of the Day

Nursing School Edition #4


Abdomen:

The abdomen contains many of our vital organs. The stomach, small intestine, large intestine, the liver, spleen, gallbladder, he pancreas, the uterus, the fallopian tubes, the ovaries, the kidneys, the ureters, the bladder, and many blood vessels.

Word of the Day

Nursing School Edition #3


Aortic Regurgitation

This is a condition where the hearts aortic valve doesn’t close tightly enough. Due to this, some of the blood pumped out of the heart leaks backward.

This can have many complications, the most extreme is heart failure.

Q: What can cause this?

A: Congenital heart valve disease, other genetic heart diseases.

Q: What are some of the symptoms?

  • heart palpitations
  • chest pain
  • shortness of breath
  • fatigue
  • weakness
  • fainting
  • swollen ankles and feet

Q: Can this be treated?

A: Yes! This will typically require a surgery to fix the valve. Sometimes it can be treated with medications.


Word of the Day –

Nursing School Edition #2


Hypercarbia

Hypercarbia is defined as the increase of carbon dioxide within the bloodstream. Another name that might be used instead is Hypercapnia. This can be caused due to hyperventilation or not being able to breathe properly.

Some of the symptoms that might be seen are:

  • Drowsiness or the inability to focus
  • Flushed looking skin
  • Headaches and feeling disoriented
  • Feeling short of breath or fatigued

If feeling abnormal seek medical treatment or consult your physician.


Reference

Word of the Day:

Nursing School edition #1

This week we have been focusing on the circulatory system of the body. One thing that was talked about multiple times was the MAP. What is the MAP you might ask? It is an acronym that stand for Mean Arterial Pressure. Now what does that exactly mean? Its the average arterial pressure through one cardiac cycle, systole, and diastole.

This Youtube video is a great example of how to calculate the MAP.

Resource:

DeMers D, Wachs D. Physiology, Mean Arterial Pressure. [Updated 2022 Apr 14]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2022 Jan

Nursing School

Second Semester is kicking my butt

In April I started my second semester of nursing school and let me tell you, it’s kicking my butt. Having a 5 class course load, two part time jobs and doing my military duty is A LOT. Not to mention finding time to actually sleep, eat, workout and blog! While these classes take up most of my time, I know it will benefit me in the end. To keep track of all my assignments in my classes I use my planner religiously. So far it hasn’t failed me and I’m staying on top of all my assignments. In addition to nursing school I updated my blog a little bit. I decided to give it a makeover and make it look a little nicer and user friendly. June always seems to be a busy month for me, and it’s even busier now with school.

Do you have any summer plans? If so let me know in the comments below! Thanks for stopping by!

My tea always has the nicest and heartwarming quotes. 💚

“Your greatest strength is Love.”

– Yogi Tea

Merry Christmas Eve!

T’was The Night Before Christmas With A Fire Safety Twist

T’was the Night Before Christmas

And all the through the house,
Everyone was sleeping, even the mouse.
When all of a sudden, there appeared some light smoke, then the smoke alarm sounded and everyone woke. Off in the distance a fire began to grow, when all of a sudden it began to slow. Then what to my wondering eyes did appear? A group of firefighters, in full turnout gear! And I heard one exclaim to the others with a shout. “THIS HOME HAS SPRINKLERS! THE FIRE IS OUT!” As they drove away, they were all full of cheer, that the sprinklers work every day of the year.

One of my fire inspector shared this little poem at work. I hope you get a kick out of it like we did!

November 19th 2019

“You need to find the power within to make things happen for yourself. When you realize this, you are unstoppable.”

– Christina Aguilara

This is for everyone out there. Especially those that need to hear this! You can be unstoppable! You just have to realize that you have all this power and courage and strength inside of you! Don’t put it on mute or try to hide it away. You are strong. Remember that.