Word(s) of the Day

Nursing School Edition #7


Pathophysiology

Some terms from my Week 5 class in Patho:

Leukemia:

  is a malignant disease of the bone marrow that causes an increase in white blood cell production.

The term tumor as related to neoplasm means

new growth.

Neoplasms that are confined to a local area and do not spread are called:

benign.

Metastasis

  is the spread of the neoplasm to distant sites.

Next Up: Microbiology

Week 5 Micro:

What are the two major categories of cells?

a. Bacteria and viruses
b. Prokaryotes and eukaryotes
c. Pathogens and non-pathogens
d. Plants and animals

What are the primary functions of the innate immune response?

A. Produce antibodies in response to the pathogen
B. Create memory cells to prepare the body for future attacks
C. Attack the pathogen and alert the adaptive immune response
D. Signal T cells to produce cytokines in response to the pathogen

What type of transmission occurs when a pathogen is spread though sneezing or coughing?

A. Common vehicle
B. Indirect contact
C. Airborne
D. Direct contact

Inflammation:
is caused by the dilatation of blood vessels which allows the passage of fluid, antibodies, and WBCs into the infected body area.

Word of the Day

Nursing School Edition #4


Abdomen:

The abdomen contains many of our vital organs. The stomach, small intestine, large intestine, the liver, spleen, gallbladder, he pancreas, the uterus, the fallopian tubes, the ovaries, the kidneys, the ureters, the bladder, and many blood vessels.

Word of the Day

Nursing School Edition #3


Aortic Regurgitation

This is a condition where the hearts aortic valve doesn’t close tightly enough. Due to this, some of the blood pumped out of the heart leaks backward.

This can have many complications, the most extreme is heart failure.

Q: What can cause this?

A: Congenital heart valve disease, other genetic heart diseases.

Q: What are some of the symptoms?

  • heart palpitations
  • chest pain
  • shortness of breath
  • fatigue
  • weakness
  • fainting
  • swollen ankles and feet

Q: Can this be treated?

A: Yes! This will typically require a surgery to fix the valve. Sometimes it can be treated with medications.